Telephone conversation with President of Bolivia Luis Arce

Source: President of Russia – The Kremlin – English

The leaders discussed cooperation in the coronavirus response effort, taking into account the agreement on the supply of the Russian Sputnik V vaccine to Bolivia.
Both sides expressed satisfaction with the ongoing development of Russian-Bolivian ties in many other spheres, including trade, economic, energy and humanitarian cooperation.

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Meeting with Head of Karachayevo-Circassia Rashid Temrezov

Source: President of Russia – The Kremlin – English

Acting at the President’s suggestion, Rashid Temrezov Temrezov RashidHead of Karachayevo-Circassian Republic began his report with the situation in healthcare, including in light of the pandemic. He said the republic had a sufficient supply of personal protection equipment, medication, medical equipment, vehicles and medical personnel, as well as hospital beds. The current focus is on vaccination, the pace of which is increasing. The republic is receiving methodological and practical assistance from the Ministry of Healthcare and is modernising primary care.
After that, the head of Karachayevo-Circassia spoke about infrastructure projects. He said that during the past few years, they had built over 600 socially significant facilities and that 62 percent of the republic’s budget is focused on social projects. It is vitally important for the republic to build utilities and road infrastructure for developing tourism.
In this context, the President proposed drafting a development project, adding that the existing regional projects actually concerned the entire country because they are related to the resort areas where people travel from all over Russia. Rashid Temrezov noted that last year, 1.54 million tourists visited the republic, which has a population of 0.5 million, despite the pandemic. That has definitely boosted small and medium-sized businesses.
As for construction, the completion rate for housing went down in 2020. However, according to the Construction Ministry, this year the republic will rank third in the country with 298,000 square metres of housing completed. Rashid Temrezov pointed out that the relocation of people from dilapidated housing should be finished by the end of 2022, in time for the 100th anniversary of the republic.
The agricultural sector’s development pace is increasing. According to the head of the republic, intensive fruit farming is on the rise, with 200–300 hectares of intensive fruit orchards laid out every year using modern technology, including irrigation engineering. In the past, local farmers mostly cultivated melons and gourds. But now people, who mostly grew vegetables on their private land, are planting orchards and creating cooperative farms with the help of regional allocations. Rashid Temrezov noted that this had helped to decrease the outflow of people from rural areas. The rural development programme supervised by the Agriculture Ministry has given a serious boost to farming.
The President pointed out that this was also important for the labour market, considering that the republic still had problems with employment.
Rashid Temrezov replied that this is why additional benefits had been introduced this year to encourage private land owners to create cooperative farms. In addition, many culture and sports centres have been built in rural areas, and additional funding has been approved for staffing. This is another factor reducing the outflow of people from rural areas.
The head of the republic also said that they were also working to settle perennial problems such as the shortage of water and gas, the lack of kindergartens, rural medical assistance centres and cultural centres.

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Moscow Exchange Trading Volumes in July 2021

Source: Moscow Stock Exchange

In July 2021, total trading volumes across Moscow Exchange’s markets grew by 10.4% to RUB 87.3 trln (RUB 79.1 in July 2020). Unless stated otherwise, all figures below refer to performance for July 2020 and all comparisons are with the same period last year.
Growth leaders were the Derivatives Market (40.4%), Equity Market (30.1%), Money Market (15.9%), FX spot Market (9.6%), Precious Metals Market (up 5x) and Standartised OTC Derivatiesv Market (up 4.8x).
Equity & Bond Market
Total trading volume on the Equity and Bond Market in July 2021 increased by 6.3% to RUB 3,735.4 bln (July 2020: RUB 3,513.9 bln), hereinafter excluding overnight bonds.
Trading volume in shares, DRs and investment fund units increased by 30.1% to RUB 2,013.8 bln (July 2020: RUB 1,548.3 bln). ADTV was RUB 91.5 bln (July 2020: RUB 70.4 bln).
Trading volume in corporate, regional and sovereign bonds was RUB 1,721.6 bln (July 2020: RUB 1,965.8 bln). ADTV was RUB 78.3 bln (July 2020: RUB 89.3 bln).
76 new bond issues with a combined value of RUB 1,057.7 bln (of which overnight bonds accounted for RUB 293.5 bln) were placed in July 2020.
Derivatives Market
Derivatives Market volumes increased by 40.4% to RUB 12.5 trln (July 2020: RUB 8.9 trln) or 162.0 mln contracts (July 2020: 140.6 mln), of which 157.9 mln contracts were futures and 4.1 mln contracts were options. ADTV was RUB 517.7 bln (July 2020: RUB 460.3 bln).
Open interest at the end of the month was RUB 570.5 bln (July 2020: RUB 406.4 bln).
Standardized OTC Derivatives Market volume grew 4.8 times and reached RUB 159.7 bln.
FX Market
FX Market trading volume was RUB 25.8 trln (July 2020: RUB 27.5 trln), with spot trades growing by 9.6% to RUB 7.7 trln and swap trades and forwards totaling RUB 18.1 trln.
The FX Market’s ADTV was RUB 1,170.6 bln (USD 15.8 bln), compared to RUB 1,250.5 bln (USD 17.5 bln) in July 2020.
Money Market
Money Market turnover grew 15.9% to RUB 44.6 trln (July 2020: RUB 38.5 trln). ADTV was RUB 2,029.4 bln (July 2020: RUB 1,751.3 bln).
The CCP-cleared repo segment added 14.1% to reach RUB 24.6 trln, including the GCC repo segment which increased by 8.6% to RUB 7.9 trln.
Precious Metals Market
Turnover in precious metals (spot and swaps) was up 5 times to RUB 27.9 bln (July 2020: RUB 5.6 bln), of which RUB 27.8 bln (6.5 t) was gold and RUB 0.1 bln (1.8 t) was silver.

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Г. Карелова: Система онкологической помощи в Воронежской области должна быть полной, качественной и эффективной

Source: Russia – Council of the Federation

В ходе поездки в регион сенатор посетила ряд медицинских учреждений.

Заместитель Председателя Совета Федерации, представитель в СФ от исполнительного органа государственной власти Воронежской области Галина Карелова КареловаГалина Николаевнапредставитель от исполнительного органа государственной власти Воронежской области вместе заместителем Председателя Государственной Думы Алексеем Гордеевым побывала с рабочей поездкой в Воронеже.
В ходе рабочей поездки сенатор вместе с Алексеем Гордеевым и губернатором Александром Гусевым ГусевАлександр ВикторовичГубернатор Воронежской области побывала в нескольких медицинских учреждениях, а также приняла участие в работе совещания по вопросам развития здравоохранения Воронежской области.

Смотрите также

Первой из числа запланированных для посещения объектов стала Воронежская областная детская клиническая больница №1. Делегация инспектировала ход строительства нового онкогематологического корпуса. Реализация проекта идет с участием федерального финансирования.
Вице-спикер СФ отметила высокую готовность к сдаче объекта. Строительство корпуса планируется завершить с опережением графика и ввести в эксплуатацию в конце этого года.

Важно, чтобы в Воронежской области для детей, имеющих тяжелые заболевания, была создана уникальная система лечения, максимально приближенная к месту жительства

Галина Карелова выразила надежду, что это лечебное учреждение станет одним из лучших в России. «Важно, чтобы в Воронежской области для детей, имеющих тяжелые заболевания, была создана уникальная система лечения, максимально приближенная к месту жительства», — отметила сенатор.
По ее словам, широкомасштабные государственные программы – приоритетный национальный проект «Здравоохранение», программа «Развитие детского здравоохранения, включая создание современной инфраструктуры оказания медицинской помощи детям» обусловили поступательное развитие службы охраны здоровья материнства и детства Воронежской области, позволили существенно укрепить материально-техническую базу детских учреждений.
Три следующих медицинских учреждения, которые посетили Галина Карелова, Алексей Гордеев и Александр Гусев, специализируются на оказании онкологической помощи взрослому населению региона. Делегация побывала в недавно открывшемся радиологическом корпусе Воронежского онкодиспансера, а также посетила строящийся хирургический корпус и онкологическую поликлинику («Дом Вигеля»), возведение которой шло под личным контролем Галины Кареловой. Поликлиника введена в эксплуатацию в прошлом году.
В ходе поездки сенатор приняла участие в совещании по вопросам развития здравоохранения в регионе. С докладом об итогах работы здравоохранения Воронежской области в период пандемии новой коронавирусной инфекции выступил руководитель регионального департамента здравоохранения Александр Щукин. Также были рассмотрены перспективы развития онкологической службы и вопросы организации медицинской помощи пациентам с постковидным синдромом на территории региона. Воронеж одним из первых в стране начал внедрять систему реабилитации таких больных. В августе на базе областного диагностического центра планируется открытие первого центра постковидной реабилитации.
Вице-спикер СФ отметила, что медицинские работники региона вносят огромный вклад в укрепление здоровья населения. По словам сенатора, растет самый главный показатель – удовлетворенность людей качеством медицинской помощи.

В Воронежской области очень динамично строится онкослужба, она является одной из самых разветвленных и систематизированных

«В Воронежской области очень динамично строится онкослужба, она является одной из самых разветвленных и систематизированных по сравнению с другими регионами страны, за исключением Москвы и Санкт-Петербурга. И нам важно сделать все возможное, чтобы система онкологической помощи в области была полной, качественной и эффективной», — подчеркнула парламентарий.
Также Галина Карелова провела прием граждан. К сенатору поступили обращения по социальным и медицинским вопросам, в частности — получение денежных выплат на детей школьного возраста, вакцинация от коронавирусной инфекции пожилых граждан, которые не могут записаться на прививку через интернет, оформление досрочной пенсии. По всем вопросам будут приняты необходимые меры.

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Коррекция высоты орбиты МКС запланирована на 19 августа

Source: Russia Federal Space

#Роскосмос#ЦНИИмаш#ЦУП#МКС#МКС-65#Союз МС-18#Союз МС-1903.08.2021 17:28
Коррекция высоты орбиты МКС запланирована на 19 августа
С целью формирования баллистических условий перед запуском и стыковкой транспортного пилотируемого корабля «Союз МС-19», а также расстыковкой и посадкой корабля «Союз МС-18» специалисты российского Центра управления полетами проведут коррекцию высоты орбиты Международной космической станции.
По предварительным данным службы баллистико-навигационного обеспечения Центра управления полётами ЦНИИмаш (входит в состав Госкорпорации «Роскосмос»), 19 августа 2021 года в 07:04 по московскому времени состоится включение двигателей служебного модуля «Звезда», которые проработают 47 секунд, а величина импульса составит 0,67 м/с. После проведения данного манёвра средняя высота МКС должна увеличиться на 1,2 км и составить 420,84 км.
В настоящее время на борту Международной космической станции работает экипаж 65-й длительной экспедиции в составе космонавтов Роскосмоса Олега Новицкого и Петра Дуброва и астронавта NASA Марка Ванде Хая, прибывших 9 апреля 2021 года на пилотируемым корабле «Союз МС-18», а также члены экипажа корабля Crew Dragon — астронавты NASA Шейн Кимброу и Меган Макартур, астронавт Европейского космического агентства Тома Песке и астронавт Японского агентства аэрокосмических исследований Акихико Хошиде.

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Bank of Russia classifies unfair practices into main types

Source: Central Bank of the Russian Federation in English

The Bank of Russia has classified unfair practices used in the financial market into main types and suggests applying common terms and definitions describing them. Thus, market participants and the regulator will be able to speak the same language when discussing the issues of financial consumer protection.

Various ways of misleading customers are often called misselling, which is a sales practice in which a financial product is misrepresented. However, this is only one of the five most widespread unfair practices outlined by the Bank of Russia:
1. Misselling is the sale of a financial product through its misrepresentation. For instance, investment-grade bonds (where yields depend on the performance of the underlying asset) under the guise of a deposit, but only implying more favourable conditions.
2. Mispricing is misleading customers about the size of fees or the fair value: from complex tariffs masking overpayments to cases when a customer pays an excessive price for a cheap service.
3. Tied selling is the unfair practice when a creditor imposes insurance to a customer, although a bank should in any case make an offer without insurance on comparable conditions regarding the maturity and amount.
4. Misinforming is the unfair practice when, for instance, a seller promises guaranteed returns on products which are not deposits.
5. Unsuitable selling is the unfair practice when a seller does not take into consideration a customer’s risk appetite, age, and other characteristics.
Further on, this glossary will be updated. Similar terms and definitions are already used by central banks of many other countries.
In order to counteract these practices, the legislative authorities, with the engagement of the Bank of Russia, recently approved laws that establish common rules for selling financial products in the market and, among other things, allow a person to return an additional service imposed with a loan. Since 1 October 2021, non-qualified investors will be required to take a mandatory test for their understanding of inherent risks before purchasing complex financial products.
Preview photo: Crevis / Shutterstock / Fotodom

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Human Rights Situation in Belarus: July 2021

Source: Viasna Belarus Human Rights Center in English

Summary:
in July, the authorities continued to prosecute individuals for political reasons. Viasna is aware of at least 107 people convicted in politically motivated criminal trials during the month. The monitoring of the trials conducted by Viasna’s volunteers and lawyers revealed numerous violations of the principles of fair trial and procedural rights and guarantees of the accused;
there were 604 political prisoners as of July 31; their number continues to increase;
on July 14, three more members of the Human Rights Center “Viasna” were detained on criminal charges: Ales Bialiatski, chairman of the organization, Valiantsin Stefanovich, member of Viasna’s Board and vice-president of the International Federation for Human Rights (FIDH), and Uladzimir Labkovich, lawyer and coordinator of the campaign “Human Rights Defenders for Free Elections”. Earlier, the authorities imprisoned coordinator of Viasna’s network of volunteers Marfa Rabkova, a member of the Human Rights Center “Viasna” and head of the Center for Strategic Litigation Leanid Sudalenka, and volunteers Tatsiana Lasitsa and Andrei Chapiuk. All of them are still held in pre-trial detention facilities. Several other members of the organization were briefly detained in July. Numerous politicians, human rights activists and international human rights organizations sharply criticized the new attack on civil society organizations and in particular on the Human Rights Center “Viasna” and its activists;
at least 26 journalists and media workers continue to be held in detention;
more than 50 non-profit organizations were administratively liquidated by the authorities in July, with several more NGOs expected to be liquidated in the near future;
the authorities continue to detain peaceful protesters and other individuals over display of white-red-white symbols, including in private homes and territories. In July, Viasna documented at least 27 fines totaling 52,500 rubles and at least 58 terms of administrative imprisonment totaling 932 days. There are reports of at least 327 people detained during the month;
criminal prosecution of journalists continues;
human rights defenders and journalists continue to record numerous cases of ill-treatment of individuals detained or administratively imprisoned for participating in peaceful assemblies. The inhumane conditions of detention deliberately created for this category of detainees are viewed by Viasna experts as torture;
the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights called on individuals, groups and organizations to provide information and documentation concerning all alleged human rights violations committed in Belarus since May 1, 2020, including possible gender aspects of such violations;
during the month, the human rights situation in the country continued to deteriorate significantly.
Political prisoners and politically motivated prosecution
Political persecution continues to be the most severe form of repression, preserving its routine and pervasive nature.
The Prosecutor General reported that more than 4,200 criminal cases related to extremism and terrorism have been opened in Belarus since last summer. According to him, 803 criminal cases have already been filed against 1,116 people; 704 criminal cases against 955 persons were considered by courts.
At the same time, the Investigative Committee reported the initiation of 4,691 criminal cases since August 2020, related to “illegal mass events, riots, protests, encroachment on state sovereignty and public safety, deliberate destruction and damage to property, violence and death threats against officials and members of their families.” The largest group are the crimes under Art. 341 (vandalizing buildings and damage to property) and Art. 369 (insult of a government official). The investigation of 857 criminal cases has been completed; of them, the prosecutors submitted to the courts 825 criminal cases related to 1,184 crimes.
Viasna is aware of at least 107 convicts in politically motivated criminal trials that took place during the month.
The number of political prisoners as of August 1 was 604. This figure continues to grow.
In July, opposition politician Mikalai Statkevich, blogger and head of Sviatlana Tsikhanouskaya’s nomination group Siarhei Tsikhanouski, members of his team Artsiom Sakau and Dzmitry Papou, bloggers Ihar Losik and Uladzimir Tsyhanovich continued to stand trial in a closed session in a pre-trial detention facility in Homieĺ. The scope of the charges they are facing ranges from “organizing actions that grossly violate public order” and “preparing riots” to “incitement to social hatred” and “obstruction of the work of the CEC.”
On July 6, the Supreme Court sentenced Viktar Babaryka, an alternative candidate for the presidency in the 2020 election, to 14 years in prison for allegedly receiving a bribe in a particularly large amount (Part 3 of Article 430 of the Criminal Code) and legalization of funds obtained by criminal means (Part 2 of Article 235). Along with him, the court sentenced former employees of Belgazprombank Siarhei Shaban, Dzmitry Kuzmich, Kiryl Badzei, Aliaksandr Iliyasiuk and Siarhei Dabraliot to five and a half years in a penal colony each. Viktar Kabiak, the founder of the Activeleasing company, was sentenced to three years in prison. The verdict is final and cannot be reviewed on appeal. Babaryka has already been sent to penitentiary No. 1 in Navapolack and started serving his sentence.
On July 12, the Lieninski District Court of Brest passed a verdict in a criminal case under Part 2 of Art. 293 of the Criminal Code (participation in riots) against twelve people. This is the fourth group of Brest residents convicted of “mass riots” that allegedly took place on August 9 and 10 last year. The sentences range from three years in a juvenile penitentiary (for two minors) to four and a half years in prison.
A court in Minsk convicted eleven defendants in a political trial dubbed as the “students’ case”, sentencing them to up to two and a half years in a penal colony. Students of Minsk universities Kseniya Syramalot, Yahor Kanetski, Illia Trakhtenberg, Tatsiana Yakelchyk, Kasia Budzko, Yana Arabeika, Viktoryia Hrankouskaya, Anastasiya Bulybenka, Maryia Kalenik and Hleb Fitsner, Medical University graduate Alana Gebremariam and university professor Volha Filatchankava were charged under Part 2 of Art. 17 (crime committed by a group of persons by prior conspiracy) and Part 1 of Art. 342 of the Criminal Code (active participation in group actions that grossly violate public order). The defense maintained the innocence of the defendants.
On July 14, after a police raid on offices and homes, three more members of the Human Rights Center “Viasna” were detained on criminal charges: the chairman of the organization Ales Bialiatski, Valiantsin Stefanovich, a member of Viasna’s Board and vice-president of the International Federation for Human Rights (FIDH), and Uladzimir Labkovich, lawyer and coordinator of the campaign “Human Rights Defenders for Free Elections”, together with his partner, Nina Labkovich, managing director at the Belarus Business Angels Network (released 10 days later). Several other members of the organization – Alena Laptsionak, Siarhei Sys, Aleh Matskevich, Andrei Paluda, Aliaksandr Kaputski and Yauheniya Babayeva – were briefly detained but eventually released. The human rights defenders are targeted in a criminal investigation under Part 2 of Art. 243 and Parts 1 and 2 of Art. 342 of the Criminal Code.
On the same day, security forces also searched the offices of the Movement “For Freedom”, the Imena charity NGO, the Belarusian Association of Journalists, the Belarusian Helsinki Committee, the Batskaushchyna NGO, the Legal Transformation Center “Lawtrend”, the BPF Party, the Lev Sapieha Foundation and a number of other organizations. The leaders of some of these NGOs were detained and taken for questioning. Siarhei Matskevich, the head of the Supolnasts Center, was detained for three days.
The High Representative of the European Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy Joseph Borrel made a statement on Belarus in connection with the new large-scale attack on independent voices in the country. In his opinion, the new wave of repression is “yet another proof that the Lukashenko regime is waging a systematic and well-orchestrated campaign with the ultimate aim to silence all remaining dissident voices and suppress civic space in Belarus.” The EU called on the Belarusian authorities to adhere to the country’s international obligations to respect human rights and fundamental freedoms.
Several major international non-governmental organizations and political structures supported human rights activists and other NGOs. 161 human rights organizations from around the world demanded an end to repression against the Human Rights Center “Viasna” and other human rights activists in Belarus.
Human rights activists continue to be under criminal investigations.
Marfa Rabkova, coordinator of Viasna’s network of volunteers, Leanid Sudalenka, a member of the Human Rights Center “Viasna” and head of the Strategic Litigation Center, and volunteers Tatsiana Lasitsa and Andrei Chapiuk are still held in pre-trial detention facilities.
There are reports that Marfa Rabkova’s health deteriorated significantly. In particular, she has lost consciousness twice over the past few weeks. However, she continues to remain in detention since September 17 facing arbitrary charges.
On July 31, head of the Office for the Rights of Persons with Disabilities Siarhei Drazdouski and the organization’s legal advisor Aleh Hrableuski were released to await trial under travel restrictions.
Violations of the freedom of peaceful assembly
Criminal and administrative prosecution of peaceful protesters continues.
Police officers continue to break into houses and apartments in search of protest symbols, conduct searches, detaining individuals and taking them for interrogations. The authorities are stepping up various forms of pressure and repression for active citizenship and dissatisfaction with government’s policies. The courts routinely hear administrative charges against individuals detained for displaying or flags and stickers on windows and storing them in their apartments, hanging out national flags and other symbols, as well as for other forms of protest or expression.
Viasna is aware of at least 27 fines totaling about 52.5 thousand and at least 58 terms of administrative imprisonment totaling 932 days imposed in July. There are reports of the detention of at least 327 people.
Suppression of freedom of expression
According to human rights activists, the most common criminal instrument of repression today is persecution for defamation: insulting the president, government officials, judges and police (Articles 368, 369, and 391 of the Criminal Code). Trials for these offenses are held throughout Belarus on a daily basis.
On June 29, Katsiaryna Vinnikava, a graduate of the Law Faculty at the Belarusian State University, said in her speech at a graduation meeting that other graduates should “love, protect and defend law with the honor and dignity of a true lawyer, regardless of the difficulties.” She also thanked her former teachers who “showed by their example what law is and what it takes to be a lawyer,” including former professors Alena Basalai and Alena Layeuskaya, who were fired for their views, and arrested lawyer Maksim Znak. The next day, on June 30, she was summoned to the Leninski district police department of Minsk, interrogated for seven hours and detained until the next morning. Vinnikava was not allowed to see her lawyer. On July 2, Vinnikava was sentenced to 15 days of administrative detention for “holding an unauthorized rally” (Article 24.23 of the Administrative Code).
On July 6, the Minsk District Court convicted Natallia Krasko in a criminal case. She was accused of slandering the Prosecutor General of Belarus Andrei Shved (Article 188 of the Criminal Code). In a public chat under the post on increasing responsibility for extremism on February 1, the woman wrote that the Prosecutor General was a criminal. The alleged victim estimated the moral damage at 10,000 rubles. The prosecutor asked to imprison the defendant for 2.5 years in an open correctional facility. As a result, the court sided with the prosecution and sentenced Krasko to 2 years of restricted freedom and a fine of 9,000 rubles.
These and other cases indicate the continuation of the practice of repression for freedom of expression, including on social media, and other forms of expression.
Pressure on journalists and the media
As of late July, according to the BAJ, there were 26 media representatives in prisons.
Journalists are regularly arbitrarily detained, searched and imprisoned for their work.
The Belarusian Association of Journalists issued a statement urging the Belarusian authorities to stop the destruction of independent media and freedom of speech in Belarus.
On July 8, security forces searched the offices of several independent media outlets, detained journalists, blocked Nasha Niva’s and Euroradio’s websites.
FIDH and Viasna condemned the new attacks that threaten to destroy the last free media in Belarus and what is left of freedom of speech and association.
On July 16, the homes of journalists of Belsat, RFE/RL’s Belarus service and other media and NGOs were searched as part of criminal investigations. Several people were detained.
Representatives of the online newspaper Nasha Niva, editor-in-chief Yahor Martsinovich and head of the marketing department Andrei Skurko, have been detained since July 8. Nasha Niva’s Andrei Dynko and Volha Rakovich, RFE/RL’s Aleh Hruzdzilovich, Inesa Stuzhynskaya and Ales Dashchynski, as well as Ihar Iliyash and Hanna Haliota of Belsat TV were detained for several days.
Violations of freedom of association
Since the beginning of the year, the offices of dozens of NGOs and in the apartments of activists have been searched across Belarus. In July, the authorities took steps to eliminate civil society organizations. In particular, it is known that the oldest Belarusian organizations, PEN Belarus and the Belarusian Association of Journalists, are in the process of liquidation. Dozens of other non-profit organizations have already been liquidated. The vast majority of organizations are wound up without any claims from the supervisory authorities, without prior notice and in the absence of any opportunities to challenge the decision. The country’s leading human rights organizations reacted to the repressions by issuing a statement demanding an end to the demolition of civil society organizations, intimidation and persecution of activists, and suppression of freedom of expression. They called on international organizations to publicly react to the authorities’ policies and to use all possible means to change them and to continue to support civil society organizations or Belarus.
Torture. Cruel, inhuman, degrading treatment
On July 1, at a court hearing in the trial of anarchist Mikalai Dziadok in the Minsk City Court, documents proving the use of torture against him were announced, including an expert opinion and a decision to refuse to initiate a criminal case regarding Dziadok’s testimony on being tortured. The court did not respond to this information properly.
Torture, psychological pressure and threats were also reported by the defendants in a criminal trial involving Pavel Niadbaila, Rastsislau Stefanovich, Artsiom Kasakouski and others. In particular, Dzmitry Lastouski reported death threats, Yauhen Prapolski – torture by electric shocks. Rastislau Stefanovich, Pavel Niadbaila and Aliaksandr Reznik said that they were beaten during arrest. The court rejected the request of the defense attorneys of the last three defendants to attach torture report the case file. Human rights activists issued a statement demanding an investigation into the torture allegations.
These and other facts, listed in detail in a review of the criminal proceedings in the courts, were not investigated and the perpetrators of torture went unpunished.
After their release, several political prisoners continue to note the deliberate deterioration of detention conditions for those arrested on politically motivated charges, which in turn border on torture, cruel, degrading and inhumane treatment. Likewise, prisoners arrested in criminal cases are held in harsh conditions.
The detained chairman of the BPF party Ryhor Kastusiou was transferred from the KGB jail to a prison hospital after he complained of a heart problem and swelling. Kastusiou was detained on April 12 in a criminal case of “conspiracy to seize power in an unconstitutional manner.”
Guarantees of a fair trial
Criminal lawyers defending persons in politically motivated cases continue to be severely persecuted. In July, the authorities revoked the licenses of lawyers Anton Hashynski, former counsel for Andrei Aliaksandrau and Yegor Dudnikov, and Dzmitry Layeuski, who represented Viktar Babaryka and Maksim Znak, as well as lawyer Katsiaryna Zhaltanoha. The deprivation of the licenses of these and other lawyers are examples of inadmissible arbitrary interference in the activities of the bar, which became possible due to the broadest powers of the Ministry of Justice under the legislation governing the activities of lawyers and bar associations.
The deprivation of licenses and the disbarment of the most active, conscientious and principled lawyers gives another unequivocal signal to those who remain in the profession about the possible consequences of the free practice of the legal profession.
Meanwhile, the UN Human Rights Committee ruled in the case of lawyer Aleh Aheyeu, who was deprived of his license in 2011. The Committee concluded that the “revocation of the author’s lawyer’s licence and the manner it was done reveal a grave and unjustifiable interference by the State party’s authorities with the fundamental principle of the independence of the legal profession.”

MIL OSI

Россия показывает новые возможности управления в дальнем космосе

Source: Russia Federal Space

#ИКИ РАН#ExoMars-2016#Марс#РКС#ОКБ МЭИ#ЦНИИмаш03.08.2021 16:43
Россия показывает новые возможности управления в дальнем космосе
В рамках совместного российско-европейского проекта ExoMars 2016 28 июля 2021 года после серии тестовых прогонов состоялся первый полноценный сеанс управления космическим аппаратом Trace Gas Orbiter (TGO, «Орбитальный аппарат для исследования малых составляющих атмосферы») с помощью средств Российского комплекса приема научной информации и резервного управления (РКПНИиРУ).
Вместе с тем первый полноценный сеанс управления космическим аппаратом TGO с помощью средств РКПНИиРУ имеет исключительно важное значение для отечественных фундаментальных космических исследований.
В любом космическом проекте есть два сегмента: бортовой, т.е. сам космический аппарат, и наземный, который обеспечивает управление космическим экспериментом и получение информации, в том числе научной, с борта космического аппарата. И управление космическим аппаратом, который находится на расстоянии в сотни миллионов километров, и получение информации с него — сложная техническая задача, которая под силу далеко не всем космическим державам.
В 2016 году после длительного перерыва в отечественных исследованиях планет Солнечной системы (их расцвет пришелся на 1970-1980 годы) с космическими аппаратами, находящимися в дальнем космосе стал, работать Российский комплекс приема научной информации. Он был создан по заказу Госкорпорации «Роскосмос» кооперацией организаций Российской академии наук (ИКИ РАН) и предприятий Госкорпорации «Роскосмос», в первую очередь Особого конструкторского бюро Московского энергетического института при участии специалистов ЦНИИмаш (входят в периметр Роскосмоса). Этот комплекс был создан на базе двух антенных систем ОКБ МЭИ с диаметром зеркал 64 метра, которые расположены в Центрах дальней космической связи Медвежьи Озера и Калязин.
Информация, поступающая с космического аппарата Trace Gas Orbiter российско-европейской миссии ExoMars 2016, предназначенного для исследований атмосферы Марса, регистрируется отечественными антенными системами и передается в Центр управления полетами проекта ExoMars, который расположен в Европейском центре космических операций в Германии.
С начала проведения в 2018 году номинальных научных операций в рамках миссии ExoMars 2016 и в настоящее время отечественный комплекс РКПНИ обеспечил получение более половины всей научной информации. Доказав свою высокую эффективность и надежность, РКПНИ также привлекался для приема информации с европейского космического аппарата Mars Express, при этом специалистами ОКБ МЭИ была реализована уникальная технология, которая обеспечила одновременный прием информации с двух космических аппаратов находящихся на орбите вокруг Марса (TGO и Mars Express).
Поэтому большой интерес отечественных и зарубежных специалистов вызывает следующий шаг российских ученых и инженеров — создание на базе РКПНИ российского комплекса, который будет не только обеспечивать прием научной информации с космических аппаратов, находящихся в дальнем космосе, но и решать куда более амбициозные задачи — управление ими. Новый комплекс получил название Российский комплекс приема научной информации и резервного управления (РКПНИиРУ) и в настоящее время создается для обеспечения передачи команд управления на космические аппараты с использованием антенны в ЦДКС Медвежьи Озера.
Готовность РКПНИиРУ должна быть обеспечена к моменту начала второго этапа проекта — ExoMars 2022, запланированного на 2022 год. Однако уже сейчас после завершения тестовых прогонов РКПНИиРУ в тестовом режиме осуществляет управление космическим аппаратом TGO, который планируется использовать в качестве ретранслятора данных миссии ExoMars 2022, когда российская посадочная платформа «Казачок» и установленный на ней европейский марсоход «Розалинд Франклин» прибудут к Марсу в 2023 году.
«В настоящее время мы можем теперь не только получать информацию с расстояния 400 миллионов километров, но и управлять космическими аппаратами на этой дистанции, — говорит Владимир Назаров, начальник отдела наземных научных комплексов ИКИ РАН. — Это произошло, фактически, впервые с 1988 года, когда на орбите вокруг Марса работал советский аппарат „Фобос-2Ф“. Он провел исследования на трассе перелета „Земля — Марс“ и на орбите вокруг Марса, что позволило уточнить параметры движения Фобоса, продолжить изучение гамма-всплесков и жесткого излучения солнечных вспышек. Мы восстанавливаем наши „космические рубежи“ и сейчас можем уверенно говорить о наших возможностях по исследованию не только околоземного космического пространства, но Солнечной системы и дальнего космоса в целом».
«И это при том, что мы пока еще не вышли на плановую проектную мощность. Так что, мы надеемся, у нас будут еще более качественные характеристики создаваемого отечественного РКПНИиРУ», — добавляет главный конструктор направления ОКБ МЭИ Константин Иванов.
***
Проект ExoMars 2016 — совместный проект Госкорпорации «Роскосмос» и Европейского космического агентства, который реализуется в два этапа. Первая миссия была выведена в космос в 2016 году. Она включала два космических аппарата: Trace Gas Orbiter для наблюдений атмосферы и поверхности планеты с весны 2018 года находится на рабочей орбите около Марса и второй — посадочный модуль «Скиапарелли» для отработки технологий посадки, его миссия завершилась нештатно.

Источник: ИКИ РАН

MIL OSI

Risk parameters change for the security TTWO-RM

Source: Moscow Stock Exchange

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MIL OSI

Moscow Exchange to launch evening session for bond trading

Source: Moscow Stock Exchange

Moscow Exchange plans to allow investors to trade on the Bond Market after 19:00 Moscow time beginning in the autumn. All Russian federal government bonds (OFZ) and Eurobonds traded on Moscow Exchange will be available for evening trading.
After-hours bond trading is expected to be primarily of interest to private investors, who are increasingly focused on the debt market. As of today, retail investors account for 15% of the trading volume on MOEX’s Bond Market.
Evening session liquidity will be supported by market makers.
At present, Moscow Exchange offers Russian and foreign shares, exchange-traded funds, currencies, precious metals, futures and options to trade during the evening session, which runs from 19:00 to 23:50 Moscow time.
Gleb Shevelenkov, Director of the Bond Market Department at Moscow Exchange, said:
“Bonds are an understandable and lower risk product for private investors entering the exchange market for the first time. Today, almost 13 million individuals have access to Moscow Exchange, with investments in bonds already totaling around RUB 1.5 trillion. Our goal is to provide them with the broadest possible opportunities to manage their securities portfolios.”
The Moscow Exchange Bond Market offers OFZs, sub-federal, municipal, mortgage-backed and corporate bonds. The volume of outstanding bond issues has more than doubled over the past five years and now stands at RUB 32.6 trillion.

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